Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) is an infection and inflammation of the gums caused by bacteria along the gum line and around a tooth (or multiple teeth).
Gum disease is a pretty common issue and can be easily treated in its earlier phase (gingivitis). At this time there will be swelling and minor redness along the gumline. This is due to the inflammatory response of your immune system. By visiting the dentist to treat your gingivitis, you greatly reduce the chances of long-term damage. If you allow the issue to progress, though, it can eventually lead to permanent damage.
For gum disease therapy in Forest Hills NY, reach out to Forest Hills Dental. We regularly treat patients with gum disease and will restore your gums to their natural state.
Do I Have Gum Disease?
In order to diagnose gum disease, you’ll need to set an appointment with your dentist. Dr. Gregory Mark at Forest Hills Dental will perform a periodontal examination. This involves the measuring of six key points around each tooth to determine what level your gums attach to the roots of your teeth. X-rays are also used to check the bone height between your teeth. More advanced gum disease will actually destroy your bone structure, and Dr. Mark will check for any damage.
Some of the most common signs of gum disease include:
- Bleeding of the gums (particularly when brushing and flossing)
- Tooth mobility
- Gum recession (the appearance of longer teeth)
- Bad breath
- Large spaces between your teeth that didn’t use to be there
- Food getting stuck between your teeth
If you smoke or use tobacco products, this can mask the symptoms.
During your exam, Dr. Mark will check to see if your gum pockets (the space between your tooth and gums where the gums attach) are deeper than 3mm. Less than 3mm is considered healthy. If pockets are deeper, this means there is likely disease and even bone loss.