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Posts for tag: orthodontics

By Forest Hills Dental
September 24, 2018
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: orthodontics   extractions  

Teeth crowding is a difficult bite problem (malocclusion) that often involves the entire jaw structure to be evaluated. Normally occurring when the jaw doesn’t have adequate space for normal tooth eruption, teeth coming in later put pressure on other teeth, causing them to develop improperly.

Crowding also makes it difficult to realign teeth with braces because there’s simply not enough room for sufficient movement to take place. The solution may then be to consider the removal of some of the teeth to create enough space for orthodontic treatment.

Not just any tooth can be removed, however — we must first conduct a careful analysis to determine which can be removed to facilitate optimum movement of the remaining teeth without disrupting normal mouth function or affecting appearance. The teeth most frequently removed for this purpose are the bicuspids, located between the cuspids or eyeteeth (which are positioned directly under the eyes) and the molars, the largest teeth in the back of the mouth. Sometimes one premolar tooth on each side of the jaw can be removed without sacrificing future form or function.

There are a few important considerations we must keep in mind when extracting teeth for orthodontic reasons; perhaps the most important is preserving bone at the extraction site. Because continuing bone growth depends on the forces generated by teeth when we bite or chew, bone near a missing tooth socket will tend to diminish over time. If there’s insufficient bone during orthodontic treatment, it may result in gum recession and root exposure — not only damaging to the teeth themselves but also to a person’s smile appearance. To avoid this, we sometimes will consider inserting a bone graft, which will stimulate bone growth, into the empty socket immediately after extraction. While this isn’t commonly done, it’s being considered if the patient’s bone is thin and a concern during healing.

We must also consider how to accommodate other, unrelated tooth loss to assure the final result is visually appealing. It may be necessary in these cases to maintain the space at the missing tooth site for a future restoration once the orthodontics is completed. This takes planning as well as the use of restorations like dental implants, bridges or partial dentures.

Regardless of your bite issues, the field of orthodontics has the appliances and techniques to overcome even the most complicated condition. When necessary, using procedures like tooth extraction can help turn an unappealing, dysfunctional bite problem into a beautiful smile.

If you would like more information on orthodontic teeth extractions, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Tooth Removal for Orthodontic Reasons.”

By Forest Hills Dental
January 08, 2018
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: orthodontics   braces   invisalign  

What your dentist in Forest Hills, NY wants you to knowinvisalign

You may be thinking orthodontic treatment is just for teenagers. You may be thinking orthodontic treatment means wearing brackets and wires for years. It’s time to rethink orthodontic treatment, thanks to Invisalign! Invisalign is the most discreet method to achieve a straight smile, and it’s perfect for people of any age, including adults. Dr. Gregory Mark at Forest Hills Dental in Forest Hills, NY wants to share the advantages of Invisalign and why it is the right choice for you.

How Does Invisalign Work?

The Invisalign system uses a combination of clear plastic trays, called aligners. You will receive your first set of aligners, which you wear for 2 weeks. You then move on to a different set of aligners, which you wear for another 2 weeks. You will progress to a new set of aligners every two weeks until your treatment is complete. The typical length of treatment is between 9 and 15 months.

Why Choose Invisalign?

The Invisalign system has many advantages over other methods of orthodontic treatment. These are just a few:

  • Invisalign treatment is quick, compared to years with conventional brackets and wires.
  • Invisalign treatment is comfortable, because the aligners are made of smooth plastic, with no sharp parts to irritate your gums, cheeks, or tongue.
  • Invisalign treatment is cosmetically beautiful, because the aligners are clear plastic and virtually invisible to people around you.
  • Invisalign treatment is convenient, because you can remove the aligners to eat, brush, and floss.

Invisalign aligners may look delicate and beautiful, but they are strong enough to correct the same tooth and jaw alignment problems as conventional brackets and wires including:

  • Underbite and overbite
  • Open bite and crossbite
  • Twisted and rotated teeth
  • Gapped or overlapped teeth

The many advantages of the Invisalign system help to make it the right choice for you. If you want rapid results in a short period of time, Invisalign is the right choice to make. If you want a comfortable, discreet way to achieve a straight smile, you need Invisalign! To find out more about this revolutionary way to straighten your smile, call Dr. Gregory Mark at Forest Hills Dental in Forest Hills, NY today!


It’s something you think about often—especially when you look in a mirror or at a photo of yourself. You wish something could have been done about it a long time ago. But now you think you’re too old to correct your misaligned teeth—your “crooked” smile.

Actually, you can transform your smile through orthodontics, whatever your age. Millions of your peers have done just that—currently, an estimated one in five orthodontic patients is an adult.

If orthodontics isn’t right for you it won’t be because of age, but most likely the condition of your gums and underlying bone or your overall health. That first factor is extremely important: if you’ve lost a significant amount of bone due to periodontal (gum) disease, there may not be enough to support the force of moving the teeth during orthodontics.

Health conditions like severe heart-valve disease, uncontrolled diabetes or drugs to treat arthritis or osteoporosis can also make tooth movement difficult. And, if you have restricted saliva flow (dry mouth), wearing orthodontic devices could be uncomfortable and increase your risk of tooth decay.

If, however, your mouth and body are reasonably healthy (and you don’t have a difficult bite problem to correct), there’s no reason why you can’t undergo orthodontic treatment. The only other thing that might hold you back is concern over your appearance during treatment. Many adults balk at the possible embarrassment of wearing metal braces “at their age.”

If this is a concern, you may have an alternative: clear aligners. These are a series of computer-generated clear plastic trays that conform to the individual contours of your teeth. Each tray is slightly different—you wear one for a short period of time (usually two weeks) before moving on to the next tray to successively and gradually move your teeth. They’re nearly invisible to others and, unlike fixed metal braces, you can take them out for a rare special occasion.

The only way you’ll know whether correcting your misaligned teeth is a viable option is to undergo a full orthodontic evaluation. From there we can help you decide if and how you want to gain a straighter, more attractive smile.

If you would like more information on adult orthodontics, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Orthodontics for the Older Adult.”


Your teenager is about to take a big step toward better health and a more attractive appearance — orthodontic treatment. You both know the benefits: better chewing function, lower risk of dental disease, and, of course, a straighter and more beautiful smile.

But your teen might also dread the next couple of years of wearing braces. And it's hard to blame them: although they're effective, wearing braces restricts eating certain snacks and foods, they require extra time and effort for brushing and flossing, and they're often uncomfortable to wear. And of high importance to a teenager, they may feel embarrassed to wear them.

But over the last couple of decades a braces alternative has emerged: clear aligners. This form of bite correction requires fewer food restrictions, allows greater ease in hygiene, and is considered more attractive than braces. In fact, most observers won't notice them when a wearer smiles.

Clear aligners are a series of clear plastic trays created by computer that are worn in a certain sequence. During wear each tray exerts pressure on the teeth to gradually move them in the desired direction. The patient wears a single tray for two weeks and then changes to the next tray in the sequence, which will be slightly different than the previous tray. At the end of the process, the teeth will have been moved to their new positions.

Clear aligners aren't appropriate for all bite problems. When they are, though, they offer a couple of advantages over braces. Unlike braces, a wearer can remove the aligner to brush and floss their teeth or for rare, special or important social occasions. And, of course, their appearance makes them less likely to cause embarrassment while wearing them.

In recent years, design improvements have increased the kinds of bites aligners can be used to correct. For example, they now often include “power ridges,” tiny features that precisely control the amount and direction of pressure applied to the teeth. They've also become thinner and more comfortable to wear.

If you're interested in clear aligners as a treatment option, talk with your orthodontist about whether your teen is a good candidate. If so, they could make orthodontic treatment for achieving a more attractive and healthy smile less of an ordeal.

If you would like more information on clear aligners as an orthodontic option, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “Clear Aligners for Teens.”

By Forest Hills Dental
March 06, 2017
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: orthodontics   braces   invisalign  

Invisalign is a successful dental treatment that replaces traditional metal braces. It uses clear aligners that are made of an invisible invisalignplastic material. Rather than being bonded to the teeth like braces, they are completely removable. They have proven to be successful in patients of all ages. Your Forest Hills, NY, Invisalign specialist, Dr. Gregory Mark at Forest Hills Dental, can determine whether or not this dental treatment is a viable option for your oral health.

Benefits of Invisalign

There are many advantages to choosing to have Invisalign. The first is improved oral hygiene. With this appliance, you are able to clean your teeth easier than if you had braces. They are discreet, another benefit, making them work great for younger patients.

In terms of comfort, Invisalign wins too as the aligners will not irritate the soft tissues in your mouth like metal wires and braces do. Also, they protect against teeth grinding as they serve as thin nightguards. Your Forest Hills dentist can examine your teeth and decide if Invisalign will be successful for you and your goals for your smile.

These clear aligners are custom made with special computer software to move teeth from their current position to the best alignment. This movement is broken down into several stages. Aligners are worn for a period of time before the next set is worn and so on until the desired position is achieved.

Proper oral hygiene is imperative with these aligners. Since they are removable, it is easy to brush and floss regularly to prevent decay, cavities or gum disease. Wearing your aligners as prescribed is important to achieve your new beautiful smile. To learn more about realigning your teeth with Invisalign, contact Dr. Mark, your Forest Hills, NY, dentist at Forest Hills Dental, today by calling (718) 275-9792 to schedule an appointment.

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